Many myths surround the practice of witchcraft and Wicca. Separate fact from fiction with this spellbinding quiz.
In 1542, witchcraft became a crime prosecuted by the state in England.
Both male and female practitioners of witchcraft are called witches. The term warlock comes from an Old English word meaning liar, traitor or oath-breaker and is often misused to describe a male practitioner of witchcraft.
Approximately 100,000 people were accused of witchcraft across Europe between the 15th and 18th centuries.
Approximately 40,000 to 50,000 Europeans were executed after being accused of witchcraft between the 15th century and 18th century.
"Malleus Maleficarum" gave instructions for identifying, interrogating and convicting witches.
The book "Malleus Maleficarum" was written in 1486 by Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger and published in 1487 in Germany.
In 1484, Pope Innocent VIII issued a document condemning witchcraft and authorized Kramer and Sprenger to eliminate witchcraft.
The English translation of "Malleus Maleficarum" is "The Hammer of Witches."
More than 70 percent of the Europeans accused of witchcraft were women, especially older widows without families.
The printing press, which was new technology during the Renaissance, was invented by Johannes Gutenberg between 1440 and 1450. The printing press helped spread witch hunt hysteria across Europe during the Renaissance by making information on witches widely available.
The Salem witch trials began in the spring of 1692.
Most of the residents of Salem were members of the Puritan religion.
Bishop died by hanging in June 1692.
Williams and Parris were the two original accusers during the Salem witch trials. Prynne is a character accused of witchcraft in "The Scarlet Letter" by Nathaniel Hawthorne.
Parris also was the father of Elizabeth Parris and the uncle of Abigail Williams, the two original accusers.
Griggs diagnosed two girls as suffering from bewitchment. The girls had exhibited symptoms such as violent contractions and fits of uncontrollable screaming.
The village of Salem was located in the Massachusetts colony. The village where the witch trials took place is the present-day town of Danvers, Massachusetts.
More than 150 people were accused of being witches during the Salem witch trials.
Chief Justice William Stoughton controversially allowed spectral evidence in the trials.
Twenty people were executed as a result of the Salem witch trials. One man was crushed to death by stones, and 19 were executed by hanging.
In October 1692, Massachusetts Gov. William Phipps disbanded the court responsible for the Salem witch trials. The remaining accused, who were awaiting trial and execution, were pardoned and released.
"Macbeth," written by William Shakespeare in 1606, features three witches.
The British author Gerald Gardner is considered by many to be the "father of modern witchcraft."
The Wiccan calendar is called the Wheel of the Year.
The eight sabbats commemorate phases of the changing seasons such as equinoxes and solstices.
The book "Witchcraft Today," written by Gerald Gardner, inspired the modern Wicca religion.
The book "Witchcraft Today" was published in 1954, shortly after the repeal of English witch laws in 1951.
A group of Wicca followers is called a coven.
Most people know Samhain, a sabbat celebrating the darker part of the year, as "Halloween."
The term "skyclad" means "naked." Witches are often depicted as celebrating in the nude, and while some witches may practice skyclad worship, many do not.