Modern Armored Warfare: The Tanks Quiz

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Staff

6 Min Quiz

Image: refer to hsw

About This Quiz

If you're heading into battle, there are worse places to be than behind five inches of steel with a massive gun on a turret to discourage your enemies. See how much you know about armored warfare with this quiz on tanks from WWI to the present day.

What was the most common U.S. tank in World War II?

Like the T-34, the M4 Sherman was a good tank that achieved much of its advantage by being produced in large numbers.

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What is the classification of a vehicle designed specifically to combat other tanks, trading off some aspect of performance for increased firepower?

Most British, German and Russian tank destroyers had no turrets, while U.S. tank destroyers had open tops and light armor. These tradeoffs made them cheaper and faster to produce and often allowed the mounting of heavier guns that could penetrate tank armor.

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The technological development of the treaded tank from earlier armored cars was driven by the need to overcome what battlefield obstacle in World War I?

Networks of trenches made territorial gains extremely difficult on World War I battlefields. Tanks were developed as a way to drive over them while protecting infantry.

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The French Renault FT tank was a revolutionary design for what reason?

The rotating turret of the Renault FT established the basic design of modern tanks.

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The effective thickness of a tank's armor can be increased by doing what?

Angled armor tends to deflect incoming rounds away instead of being penetrated, so sloped or angled armor has a greater effective thickness than the same amount of armor mounted squarely facing attacks.

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After World War II, the various classifications of tanks (light, medium, heavy) were replaced by what new designation?

The earlier tank classifications were the result of necessary tradeoffs between armor, mobility and firepower. Modern tank technology allowed one tank to accomplish everything needed of armor on the battlefield, a concept known as a main battle tank.

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What World War II battle is considered the largest tank-vs-tank battle in history?

As many as 5,000 Russian and German tanks took part in Kursk, a concentration of armored firepower that hasn't been matched since.

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The Merkava is the main battle tank of what nation?

The Merkava and its upgraded versions have seen action in every Israeli conflict since the early 1980s.

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What tanks formed the bulk of the Nazi armored force during the Blitzekrieg stages of World War II, when they invaded Poland and France?

The primary German tanks early in the war were light Panzer I and II tanks, with a small percentage of IIIs and IVs.

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Although maintenance and repair units do the big jobs, every tank crew has to know how to perform what basic repair?

Because a tank can throw or break a track due to combat damage, rough terrain or even taking a hard turn, every crew has to be able to fix it themselves.

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What was the term used for German tanks in World War II, which translates to "armored combat vehicle?"

Panzerkampfwagen is usually shortened to "Panzer." Fun fact, since Panzer just means armor in German, bulletproof glass is called Panzerglas.

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Reactive armor attempts to defeat HEAT rounds by doing what?

Reactive armor uses a controlled explosive charge to disrupt a HEAT round's ability to penetrate the underlying armor.

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The Swedish Stridsvagn 103 was a main battle tank with no turret and a gun in a fixed position. How was the gun aimed?

The Stridsvagn 103 adjusted side-to-side like a World War II-era tank destroyer. The fixed gun was raised or lowered by a computer-controlled suspension system that responded to the gunner's controls by lifting or lowering the front of the tank.

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What is the primary tank in use by Russia (and several other nations) today?

The T-90 went into production in 1992 and remains in production today. It's also the primary tank used by India.

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The heaviest tank produced by Germany before the end of World War II was the…

The Tiger II, sometimes known as the King Tiger, weighed 75 tons.

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Why was the Second Battle of Villers-Bretonneux so notable?

A trio of German A7V tanks blundered into three British Mark IV tanks, sparking a slow and inconclusive battle, the first in which tanks battled tanks.

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The U.S. M3 Lee tank was known by what other name, depending on the specific configuration?

M3s were sent to England by the U.S, where some were fitted with British guns and other components — these were known as M3 Grants, as opposed to fully American M3 Lees (one senses a certain amount of British humor in the choice of nickname).

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The German term for tank destroyer, Jagdpanzer, translates as…

Jagdpanzer translates as "hunting tank."

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The T28 Super-Heavy tank, also know as the T95, was a 100-ton monster meant to smash through concrete defenses (it was never put into production). How did the tracks differ from ordinary heavy tanks?

The T28 had four sets of tracks, primarily because the outer set needed to be removable for transport.

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When a round strikes metal armor, it can injure or kill the crew without penetration because shards of metal splinter from the inside of the tank. What is the term for this impact shrapnel?

Modern tanks are equipped with "spall liners" to prevent this kind of crew injury.

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The Russian T-34 tank was successful in World War II partly due to its excellent performance, partly because the Soviets could produce so many of them. How many did they manufacture?

While the T-34 was eventually outclassed by some German tanks late in the war, the Soviets could produce it quickly, making it relatively easy to replace battlefield losses. They made over 80,000 during the course of the war.

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The Chi-Nu was a World War II tank produced by what country?

All Japanese medium tanks in World War II used the "Chi" designation. The Chi-Ri, which only existed as a prototype, was their most advanced design based on the earlier Chi-Nu and Chi-To.

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When a tank is positioned behind a slope or other obstacle so that only the turret is visible to enemies, this is known as…

Many tanks are designed with heavy turret armor, making a hull down position tactically wise.

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The speedy British medium tank the Cromwell was named after…

The Cromwell tank was named for Oliver Cromwell.

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How many crew members were required to operate a British Mark I tank, the first to see combat action?

A Mark I tank needed a crew of eight.

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Most of the Sherman tanks used in World War II were produced where?

The Detroit Tank Arsenal was the first manufacturing plant ever built specifically for tanks, which had previously been built in repurposed car, truck or airplane plants.

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A typical round fired from a tank is a ballistic armor-piercing round, basically a large non-explosive bullet shaped to penetrate armor. Another common option is a HEAT round. How do they work?

HEAT rounds focus a hot jet of explosive gas which melts a hole in the armor (and does unpleasant things to whatever's on the other side).

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What is the top speed of an M1 Abrams tank?

Turbine engines enable the kind of power-to-weight ratio that lets the 60-plus ton Abrams move up to 45 mph.

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What was the primary tank used by the U.S. in the Vietnam war?

While the M60 was the most commonly used tank in the 1960, the tanks used in Vietnam were M48 Pattons.

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What was the first main battle tank?

The Centurion wasn't referred to as a main battle tank in 1945, but it accomplished so much more than prior medium tanks that it was called "the universal tank," and established the idea that one tank could combine mobility and firepower with decent armor.

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