Outlaws of the Old West Quiz

By: Nathan Chandler
Image: wiki commons

About This Quiz

In the years after the Civil War, outlaws roamed the American West, gambling, drinking and sometimes committing unthinkable crimes. In doing so, some of them became iconic figures. How much do you know about outlaws of the Old West?

Which outlaw was part of the famous Gunfight at the O.K. Corral?

Billy Clanton took up with Tom and Frank McLaury and wound up at the O.K. Corral. The three were part of an epic shootout with Doc Holliday and the Earp brothers.

The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral will live forever in history. How long did the confrontation last?

In 1881, in a town appropriately called Tombstone, outlaws and lawmen clashed in a 30-second shootout. It's the most famous gunfight of the Old West.

Billy the Kid had a vicious personality. How many men did he kill?

Billy was no fake outlaw. He killed at least eight men, including a lawman. He became a deadly celebrity of sorts in the West.

A heroic sheriff named Pat Garrett caught and jailed Billy the Kid. Then what happened?

Billy escaped from jail and went on the lam for two months. Garrett caught up to him again...and this time, he shot and killed the notorious criminal.

Who was "The Queen of the Oklahoma Outlaws"?

Belle Star was sometimes called "The Queen of the Oklahoma Outlaws." She was known for her dead aim with a gun.

How was Belle Starr killed?

Starr's reputation as an outlaw is probably overblown, but she made at least one person angry. An unknown assailant shot her in the back.

Outlaw Jesse James served on which side during the American Civil War?

James fought with the South and gained notoriety for being involved with war atrocities. After the war, he fittingly became an outlaw.

Jesse James was a modern-day Robin Hood who stole from the rich and gave to the poor.

James and his gang were no saviors of the downtrodden. They stole from the rich, all right -- but they kept the money for themselves.

How was Jesse James killed?

Robert Ford was a member of the gang, but he wanted reward money for nabbing James. He shot and killed him. Instead of a reward, he was charged with murder.

In 1892, the Dalton Gang set out to commit what crime?

The gang decided to rob a bank in Coffeyville, Kansas. It wasn't long before justice found them.

What happened to Robert Ford after he was convicted of the murder of Jesse James?

The same day he murdered James, Ford was convicted, sentenced to death...and then released. It's likely that the governor of Missouri was just happy to be rid of James and decided to let Ford go.

Pearl Hart gained notoriety for which crime?

Hart helped rob a stagecoach and escaped with hundreds of dollars in loot. She was eventually caught but escaped from prison.

Pearl Hart eventually was arrested again. What happened to her?

Hart was sent to an all-male prison camp in Arizona. As a female outlaw, she was instantly famous and received all sorts of special treatment in prison.

Billy Clanton was an outlaw in which area?

Clanton became a notorious criminal in the Arizona territory. At a young age, he took to cattle rustling, but his criminal activity escalated.

How many people were killed during the 30-second gunfight?

Three men died that day, and all of them were outlaws. Billy Clanton and the McLaury brothers managed to wound two lawmen but all three were killed in a hail of righteous gunfire.

What was Harry Longabaugh's outlaw nickname?

Longabaugh was the infamous Sundance Kid, partner to Butch Cassidy. The two were suspected of numerous crimes, including train robbery.

How did the criminal careers of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid end?

They were white men in a foreign country and locals became suspicious. Bolivian soldiers reportedly killed the two in a shootout.

Everyone called him Billy the Kid. What was the outlaw's real first name?

Billy the Kid was actually Henry McCarty. He acted as an outlaw for about five years in the 1870s.

Which outlaw was part of the Long Branch Saloon Gunfight?

Another man picked a fight with Frank Loving at the Long Branch Saloon. Loving killed him in an abrupt gunfight and was released without any criminal charges.

How did Frank Loving eventually die?

The avid gambler roamed from one Old West town to another but at one point made enemies with a man named John Allen. Allen despised Loving and shot him in the back in Trinidad, Colorado.

Kid Curry was part of which notorious gang?

Kid Curry was part of The Wild Bunch gang headed by Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid. He was probably the most bloodthirsty man in the gang.

Kid Curry supposedly killed how many lawmen?

Curry ran with several gangs during his criminal years and may have killed up to nine lawmen. He was reportedly a nice guy...until he started drinking, which he did quite a lot.

In which area did a gang called "The Innocents" prey on the vulnerable locals?

In the 1860s, The Innocents robbed many people in the area that's now known as Montana. As many as 100 men may have been involved in the gang.

How were The Innocents finally uprooted?

Locals tired of the constant crime and took matters into their own hands. They formed a vigilante group, nabbed many of the men and then hanged more than 20 of them.

How did the Dalton gang's Kansas robbery go?

Local citizens, alerted to the nefarious plot, waited outside with guns. They blasted the gang as they walked out of the bank. Only one outlaw survived, and he was sent to prison.

Billy the Kid was NOT part of which gang?

Billy wasn't part of The Cowboys. He was first involved with The Regulators and later fell in with The Rustlers.

What was NOT one of Jim Miller's nicknames?

He wasn't known as Wild Jim. Killin' Jim was one of the most prolific killers in the history of the Old West. No one knew what the man was capable of when angered.

Jim Miller was a church-going man. At one point he advertised himself as what?

He may have been religious, but he was no saint. He actually advertised himself as an assassin-for-hire. He reportedly charged about $150 per killing.

Miller may have killed as many as 12 men. How did he die?

After killing several men, Miller wound up in jail. Locals feared that he'd be acquitted, so they broke into the jail and dragged him into the street and hanged him.

Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid were heavily pursued by law enforcement. How did they escape?

Under pressure from lawmen, the two fled to South America. They made new lives in Argentina and then Bolivia...for a while, anyway.

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