We've all seen the aisles of organic produce that have begun popping up in grocery stores. But how much do you know about organic architecture? Take our quiz to test your knowledge!
Derived from architect Louis Sullivan's belief that form follows function, organic architecture extended that principle to the idea that form and function should be united in design.
Part of the doctrine that form and function should be united involves careful consideration of materials when creating a design. For instance, an architect adhering to organic principles wouldn't design a lacy pattern on a staircase but cast it out of iron, and wouldn't attempt to mold soft cotton into sharp geometric shapes.
Frank Lloyd Wright was a disciple of Louis Sullivan, who developed the seed of the idea for organic architecture. Wright was an innovator in urban planning and is remembered as one of the greatest architects in recent history.
Green architecture, also known as sustainable architecture, emphasizes the use of sustainable, renewable resources. Organic architecture is primarliy an aesthetic and design-centric principle, while green architecture has more of a social and practical focus.
Established in connection with the Gaia movement, a network of groups dedicated to sustainable living, the Gaia charter established a set of rules for organic architecture. Among them were requirements that organic architecture must satisfy social, physical and spiritual needs, and that it be inspired by nature.
David Pearson proposed the original Gaia charter. Eric Corey Freed later summarized it more simply by stating that buildings should (figuratively) grow from seeds to join their surroundings as plants do in nature.
It might seem odd for an organic architect, but Bragdon favored geometric shapes in his design. He believed that true unity could only be achieved in the absence of individualism, which influenced his heavy use of regualr shapes and symmetry.
Häring believed that organic architecture must be unique. Where Bragdon favored repetition and unity, Häring developed his projects almost exclusively based on the unique requirements of the site and his clients' wishes.
Appropriately, Fallingwater was built over a waterfall, its concrete and glass design echoing the majesty and drama of the waterfall below. Wright's somewhat infamous temper and stubbornness came out during the project when the client brought in an engineer from a non-organic discipline; Wright threatened to take his plans and desert the project.
In the early 1900s, while Wright was away on a job, one of his servants set fire to Taliesin and murdered no fewer than seven people. Wright's studio survived, but he lost family, staff, and most of his residence in the tragedy.
As occupants of a building, the needs of the client were regarded as an important part of a structure's functionality and design. Each architect defined the concept with his or her own nuances, but factors like a family's hobbies (Do they like to cook? Play piano in the den?) were often considered strongly. Frank Lloyd Wright was of the opinion that through this consideration, a family's daily life could be elevated to a higher plane and the structure would fully serve its purpose.