Understanding grammar is key to proper communication. That being said, most people forget the basic principles of grammar once they’re out of school. But you, Dear Quiz-Taker, are quite different. You’re changing the world, one prefix at a time.
There are two parts to a sentence; the subject and the predicate. The subject is the person or thing described, and the predicate is the action.
Sentences can be broken down into clauses. There are independent and subordinate clauses.
A group of two or more words that don’t have a subject or predicate makes a phrase. For example, “The silly girl” is a phrase.
A noun describes a person, place, thing, event, idea and so on. Nouns can function as subjects or objects.
An adjective describes a noun. There are attributive and predicative adjectives.
“Good” is a qualitative adjective. So are “bad,” “happy,” or “blue.”
“My” is a possessive adjective. So are “thy,” “his” and “her.”
“Which is a relative and interrogative adjective. So are “what” and “whatever.”
“One” is a numeral adjective. So are the words “single,” and “double.”
“A”, “an”, and “the” are articles. They’re immensely important in the English language.
“The” is a definite article. It points out a particular object or class.
“A” is an indefinite article. It points out an object, but not any particular thing.
All three of these are kinds of verbs. There are only three kinds of verbs in the English language.
Transitive verbs are carried across to a receiver. For instance, “Bill grows potatoes.” What does Bill grow? Potatoes.
Intransitive verbs involve no receiver. For instance, “The weed grows.”
English verbs have two voices. These include active and passive voices.
With an active voice verb, the subject performs the action. For instance, “Sally threw the ball.”
With a passive voice verb, the subject receives the action. For instance, “The ball was thrown to Sally.”
The English language has 4 verb moods. These include indicative, imperative, subjunctive and infinitive.
Past, present and future are the most simple verb tenses. That being said, there are six in total.
Perfect, pluperfect and future perfect are the remaining verb tenses. These are formed with have, has and had.
Adverbs are used to describe or modify a verb, adjective or clause. They can modify anything but nouns and pronouns. These are modified by adjectives.
Prepositions link nouns and pronouns to other words within a sentence. The words linked to are called objects.
Conjunctions join words or groups of words. There are two kinds of conjunctions; coordinating and subordinating.
An interjection expresses emotion. For instance, “Darn, I hate when that happens!” “Darn” is an interjection.
Detroit is a proper noun. That’s because it’s a name of a specific thing.
Single: Mouse. Plural: Mice. This is an irregular count noun.
Single: Child. Plural: Children. This is another example of an irregular count noun.
“Of” is a possessive noun. Mary, Queen of Scots is a great example of this.
A pronoun takes the place of a noun. For instance, “Mary thought she was late for work.” “She” is the pronoun. It is used so that you don’t have to repeat Mary’s name twice.
840 million people speak English as a first or second language. It’s the second most spoken language in the world.
English actually originated in northwest Germany and the Netherlands. Did you know that it was a Germanic language?
“Go!” is the shortest grammatically correct sentence in English. Use it when you can’t think of anything else to say.
Roughly 4,000 English words are added to the dictionary each year. Many of these are slang words that have become mainstream.
Both “I” and “You” are the most common English words. 11% of the English language is just the letter “E.”