This island continent, which is situated in the geographical region of Oceania is referred to Sahul, Australinea, and Meganesia. It is part of the Indo-Australian plate, one of the Earth’s oldest landmasses, as well as the smallest of the seven continents. In addition to the mainland, the region is also composed of Tasmania, New Guinea, New Britain and several small neighboring islands.
Europeans made contact with the continent as early as 1606, but colonization didn’t take place until 1788. Prior to this, the continent was inhabited by the indigenous people, who were believed to have migrated there between 30,000 and 50,000 years ago. These people are categorized into two main groups; the Aboriginals and the Torres Strait Islander people. Much of their population was drastically declined due to conflict with the British and lack of immunity to their diseases.
Today, Australia experiences a generally positive economy, much of its income is generated from its natural resources. Tourism is also another major economic factor, as millions of people every year are drawn to the country for various reasons – whether it be its beaches, coral reefs, or the unique biodiversity of the region. But a place is nothing without its history and today, we want to see how much you know about Australia's humble beginnings.
The Aborigines are the recognized early settlers who occupied the land to be named later as Australia. The Aborigines are the indigenous people of Australia said to have one of the longest-running ancient cultures still present today.
The boomerang is like a flat wood that looks like a slightly curved flat stick. Its aerodynamic feature enables it to be swung to hit a target and it comes back to where the thrower is standing.
Europeans were the ones who set sail around the globe to find new territories to settle in, or colonize. It’s no accident they were the ones who “found” the land to be dubbed as Australia.
The first wave of people sent to live in the new British colony was made up of convicts. The newly-discovered Australian land was meant to become a penal colony.
Melbourne was the site of the 1956 Summer Olympics. Australia hosted the games a second time in 2000 in Sydney.
Canberra was chosen as the country’s capital on January 1, 1911. A contest was even conducted which called on designers to create the capital city.
Anzac Day is celebrated every April 25 in Australia. It’s a throwback to honor men who fought in wars.
Julia Gillard became the first female prime minister of Australia in 2010. She was the 27th Primer Minister of the country, whose rule ended in 2013.
Willem Janszoon, also known as Willem Jansz, is believed to be the first man from Europe to discover the land of Australia. He was a Dutch man.
The Stolen Generation refers to the numerous children removed from their mothers, mostly those who are half-Aborigines or half-castes as they were termed. Children from around 1905 to 1969 belonged to this generation-victimized practice, which was eventually abolished.
Perth is a city located in Western Australia. It isnamed after Perth, Scotland, which is the where Sir George Murray, the Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, was born.
Louis Vaes de Torres also sailed near Australia the same year Willem Janszoon discovered it. Torres was part of the Portuguese explorers who were also active in searching for new lands to discover during that century.
Sydney is in New South Wales. This was the destination of the first ships with convicts deployed from Britain to found the penal colony in Australia.
Van Diemen’s Land was Tasmania’s original name. Dutch explorer Abel Tasman documented this part of Australia, as well as the lands of New Zealand and Fiji which he sighted first.
Gold was discovered during the 1850s in Australia. This set a new wave of migrants seeking to make a fortune out of this discovery.
Dreaming stories revolve around how the spirits forged the creation of the universe and established its systems and structures that make every living being exist and thrive. This is the collective belief of the Aborigines.
Captain James Cook was the one who claimed Australia in 1770. Technically, it was the New South Wales territory that he proudly claimed for Britain.
Squatters is the term used for migrants during the early 1800s. They had a huge negative impact on the Aboriginal people since they squatted on ancient land, often bringing conflict and violence.
ANZAC is short for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. The soldiers belonging under this original grouping fought during World War I.
Australia was already occupied by early indigenous people numbering somewhere from 300,000 to 700,000, according to varied archaeological and historical studies.
Adelaide prides itself of being established by so-called “free settlers.” This means that they’re not part of the original convict population that arrived there.
Kakadu National Park is located in northern Australia. The site has around 5,000 kinds of rock art carefully preserved. It was made as far back as 20,000 years or so.
Anzac diggers is also a term used to refer to the Anzac soldiers of World War I. While they faced many horrors, these diggers are still being honored today.
Australia had six colonies in all. These colonies later became the country’s founding states.
The Eureka Stockade is also known as the Eureka Rebellion. This happened in Victoria in 1854, when gold miners were finally fed up with oppressive and limiting standards that the colonizers imposed on the industry.
The Gallipoli campaign involved different Allied forces gathering together against the Ottoman Empire to hopefully take down Constantinople, their enemy’s capital. Constantinople is now Istanbul, located in modern-day Turkey.
In 1901, one constitution finally united all of the existing states of Australia. This eventually led in the formation of the commonwealth.
The wool industry flourished in early Australia because of the Macarthurs. It is recorded that the introduction of the merino sheep was an important development in the country’s industry and commerce.
Nickel was said to have been discovered in Western Australia in 1969, the time when demand for it was very high due to the current war/s of the era. Speculation made its value rise, but its actual value made the price plummet and crash. This was known as the Poseidon bubble, named after Poseidon NL, the Australian company that discovered the nickel deposit.
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations or ASEAN is made up of 10 countries from the Southeast Asian Region. However, due to the ASEAN Plus Six revision, six other countries were included in the list, which now includes Australia.
Caroline Chisholm is a recognized advocate of women in the colonies. She advocated for migration reform policies and also helped Aboriginal communities.
The Rum Rebellion happened in 1808. It was also known as the Great Rebellion where Governor William Bligh of New South Wales was overthrown by the concerted efforts of the New South Wales Corps of soldiers and officers.
It was in Lake Mungo where the oldest evidence of cremations was found. This states that early humans already developed religious structures and formed rituals, which humans continue to do up to this day.
The land mass of the earth was believed to be divided into two super continents called Laurasia and Gondwana. The ones at the “bottom” of the globe, where Australia was originally connected, was Gondwana.