Understanding the basic operation of your oil furnace will help you maintain a comfortable home this winter. It is important to learn how to clean and maintain furnace components. Take this quiz to see how fired up your knowledge of how to repair oil furnaces is.
Today's home oil systems are called pressure burners.
An oil furnace is indeed an elaborate combination of parts.
There will be identifying stamps or labels.
The stack control sensor is bolted in the stack.
If the smoke is black, fuel is being wasted because the oil is not fully burning.
Twice a year, once at the beginning of the season and again at the midway point.
Before the heating season begins, clean the thermometer.
Cup grease or 10-weight non detergent motor oil should be used to lubricate the blower motor.
Filter maintenance is a do-it-yourself job. A professional service call is unnecessary.
Without fuel, the burner will not fire and the furnace will not turn on. Check the oil supply regularly during the heating season.
Change or clean the filter twice a year, at the beginning of the season and again at the halfway point. Disposable filters may be changed, but permanent filters must be cleaned.
Clean the oil strainer when you change or clean the filter.
First soak the strainer in kerosene and then clean with an old, soft toothbrush.
If the strainer is torn or substantially bent, you should replace it with the same type.
Clean the stack control every month during the season, or more often if it is dirty.
The stack control is easily coated with soot.
A brush dipped into soapy water is used to clean the stack control.
Refractory cement is used in hot areas such as furnaces.
Some furnaces have two switches and both must be in the ON position for proper operation.
Soot buildup and a rattling noise may indicate that the draft regulator need maintenance.