Are you an FDR fan? Do you know a lot about the New Deal? We bet you don't know enough to ace this quiz.
The New Deal was a series of programs and legislation put into place by the 32nd president of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, known as FDR. FDR ran on the New Deal platform during the 1932 presidential election and won based on his ability to get the nation behind his promise to implement "a new deal for the American people." Because The Great Depression, which began with the stock market crash on Black Tuesday, October 29, 1929, had resulted in massive unemployment and homelessness, the nation's voters were primed and ready to accept FDR's new policies.
Although it is true that not all of the policies put into effect during the New Deal era were successful, some of them remain in play today. And, even though it would be nice to assume that the New Deal single-handedly wiped out the effects of The Great Depression, it wasn't until the beginning of World War II, and the economic production increase that the war brought, that the economy recovered. However, New Deal policies did put important social and economic restraints and benefits into play.
Let's get started to find out how much you really know about FDR's New Deal.
The New Deal was implemented during the 1930s. Most programs were initiated between 1933 and 1937.
The Great Depression spurred the need for the New Deal. The Great Depression began with the stock market crash on October 29, 1929.
The Social Security Administration was part of the New Deal. The SSA is a social insurance program.
This statement is false. Quite a few of FDR's New Deal programs are still in play, such as Social Security.
The FHA was a part of the recovery goals of the New Deal. The FHA was established in 1934.
Revolve was not a goal of the New Deal. The three goals of the New Deal were relief, recovery and reform.
Vehicle emissions was not a problem targeted by New Deal programs. Homelessness, the economy and unemployment were all problems the programs of the New Deal were designed to address.
The acronyms formed by the various agencies and acts of the New Deal were called alphabet soup agencies and acts. Examples of alphabet soup agencies are the SSA, the TVA and the PWA.
The Emergency Banking Act was part of the relief goals of the New Deal. The Act was enacted in 1933.
Supporters of the New Deal were referred to as the New Deal Coalition. The voters of the Coalition were from all walks of life.
FDR kept the nation informed about the progress of the New Deal via a series of Fireside Chats. FDR did 30 total Fireside Chats.
The Public Works Administration was in charge of heavy constructions projects. Examples of these type of projects were building roads, dams, and airports.
The Tennessee Valley Authority was established in response to the New Deal goal of relief. The TVA was established in 1933.
The Fair Labor Standards Act abolished child labor. It also established standards for limited working hours.
The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) drove the cost of food up. The AAA was considered one of the failures of the New Deal.
FDR promised a "new deal for the American people" during the 1932 presidential election. This was the platform that helped give him the win.
Roughly 12 million Americans, or about 25% of the nation's citizens, were unemployed during the Great Depression. More than one million people were homeless.
The Securities Exchange Act was part of the New Deal goals of reform. The Act was enacted in 1934.
The Second New Deal resulted in what was called the Roosevelt Recession. Too much government spending resulted in massive unemployment.
FDR said, "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself ..." He said this to get the nation excited about New Deal programs.
The National Recovery Act was a response to the New Deal goal of recovery. The Act was enacted in 1933.
The Brains Trust was the name given to the advisors who counseled FDR during the New Deal. The goal of the Trust was to take action.
The National Bank Holiday closed the banks. Banks were closed from March 6, 1933 until March 13, 1933.
The Federal Securities Act regulated Wall Street trading. The Act was overseen by the SEC.
FDR enacted 15 major pieces of legislation during his first 100 days in office. This period has become known as the First New Deal.
The National Labor Relations Act was a response to the New Deal goal of reform. The National Labor Relations Act was enacted in 1935.
Keynesianism says that a government should spend heavily to jump start the economy. FDR used this theory to abandon a balanced budget.
The focus of Second New Deal programs was social reform. Many U.S. citizens thought reform was happening too slowly.
The Social Security Act established a national pension fund. This Act is still in play today.
The Public Works Administration was developed in response to the New Deal goal of relief. The PWA was created in 1933.
The Wagner Act protected the rights of organized labor. FDR signed the Act in 1935.
This is false. In fact, it was the economic boom caused by increased production during World War II that helped end The Great Depression.
The Supreme Court blocked some New Deal legislation as unconstitutional. FDR tried to combat this by trying to change the political balance of the court.
The Fair Labor Standards Act was enacted in response to the New Deal goal of reform. The Act was enacted in 1938.
Grocery stores were not a target for reform during the New Deal. Banks and the stock market were targets for reform.