Even though Canada is one of the biggest countries in the world, its entire population is less than the population of California. Most of Canada's people live near the Great Lakes or Saint Lawrence River. The Greater Toronto Area alone has a population of roughly 6.4 million people, making it the most population dense area in the country.
Canada contains five other cities with a metro area with more than a million people: Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, Ottawa and Edmonton. Canada's three northern territories contain a total population of about 100,000 people. To put that another way, a land mass close to half the size of Europe comprises 100,000 people. In all fairness, would you want to live somewhere that receives 24 hours of darkness in the winter?
Canada is filled with some of the most beautiful places in the world. Do you think you can recognize all these Canadian cities from a photograph? Hopefully, you can pick out the bigger cities like Montreal and Toronto, but do you think you know Canada well enough to pick out Moose Jaw and Truro?
Start the quiz to get a glimpse into some of the beautiful cities across the country and put your knowledge to the test!
Toronto is home to the CN Tower, the tallest building in Canada. You'll find families from all over the world settled here. The neighborhoods Little Italy, Little Portugal and Chinatown have street-signs written in two languages.
Montreal is currently the second biggest city in Canada. It was formerly the largest, but Toronto passed in the 1970s. You can easily get lost in its elaborate subway system, which is one of the largest in the world.
Vancouver is one of Canada's most Western cities (also one of the most beautiful). It's most famous for its high standard of living and the most expensive rents in Canada. The price of a property in Vancouver rivals New York and London.
Calgary is Canada's sunniest city and a short drive away from the Rocky Mountains. You may hear Calgary referred to as 'Cow Town' because of all the surrounding farms in the area.
If you're not from Canada, you might guess that Toronto is the capital. However, that title belongs to the much smaller city of Ottawa. The city itself, not including nearby Gatineau, is home to a little under a million people.
Edmonton is home to the NHL team the Oilers and the CFL team the Eskimos. Edmonton is most well known for being an oil hub. If you want to plan a trip to Edmonton, you might prefer to come in the summer. Winter temperatures occasionally drop below -40 degrees Celsius!
Quebec City is the capital of the province of Canada's geographically largest province, Quebec. It's hard not to feel like you've been transported to a different country when you're walking along cobblestone streets and listening to the French language.
The coldest recorded temperature in Winnipeg is -47.8 degrees Celsius, which makes it one of the coldest cities in the world. Ulaanbaatar is the only major city in the world that has a coldest average temperature in the winter.
Hamilton, or Steeltown as it's known by the locals, is located in southern Ontario. It's also been called the waterfall capital of the world because of the over 130 waterfalls in the city. Hamilton is also home to the first Tim Hortons.
Halifax is famous for the 1917 explosion where a French cargo ship filled with explosives collided with a Norwegian ship. The explosion killed over 2,000 people and injured another 9,000.
If you want to experience the full glory of Niagara Falls, you need to see it from the Canadian side. The city itself has a population a little under 100,000 people and close to 400,000 people in the metro area.
Victoria is located on the west coast of Canada on Vancouver Island. It has a reputation for being one of the most beautiful cities in the country because of the large number of gardens. If snow isn't your thing, you'll enjoy Victoria's mild winter.
Windsor is only a tunnel away from Detroit so you can quickly scoot across the border for a day trip. The metro area is home to about 350,000 people, making it the 16th largest metro area in Canada.
Saskatoon is located three hours from Regina, five hours from Edmonton, seven hours from Calgary, and nine hours to Winnipeg. You'll find no shortage of local bars and restaurants here if you walk through the Riversdale and downtown districts.
Every RCMP officer undergoes their police training in Regina, Saskatchewan. RCMP officers are world famous for their bright red jackets and the nickname 'Mounties.' Regina is the capital city of the province of Saskatchewan.
Sherbrooke is located 147km away from Montreal and is the sixth largest city in the province of Quebec. The city hosted the 2013 Canada Games, a national multi-sport championship held every four years.
St. Johns is located on one of the most eastern points in North America. The province of Newfoundland is known for its small fishing communities and rugged cliffs. The Flat Earth Society has called Newfoundland one of the four corners of the Earth.
Kelowna is known for its mild winters and spectacular scenery in the Okanagan Valley. Even in the winter, the average temperature is -0.3 degrees Celsius, a fraction of a degree colder than freezing.
Abbotsford is located on the American-Canadian border and is in the Greater Vancouver area. It's the fifth largest city in its province of BC by population and has the nickname 'The City in the Country.'
Guelph is located in Ontario, about an hour from Toronto. The writer Colonel John McCrae, the writer of the poem "In Flanders Fields," was raised here. Guelph is also the city where the jock strap was invented.
Moncton is about as bilingual as any city in Canada. It's not uncommon to walk down the streets of Moncton and hear people switching languages mid-sentence. Moncton is located a short drive away from the Bay of Fundy, which has the world's largest tidal range.
Lethbridge is located a couple of hours away from Calgary. In the winter, Lethbridge often experiences wind currents that blow over the Rocky Mountains referred to as Chinooks. Chinooks bring unseasonably warm temperatures, the record being a 41-degree increase in an hour in Pincher Creek in 1962.
Nanaimo has one of the mildest climates in Canada, and the temperatures rarely reach freezing. If you've ever had the dessert called a Nanaimo bar, you probably won't be surprised to learn this is where they originated.
Fredericton is one of the oldest cities in Canada and has the oldest high-school in the country. Fredericton High School opened in 1785, although it has moved locations since its inception.
Canada is home to a lot of towns with funny names. Red Deer, Medicine Hat, Climax and Dildo are just a few of them. If you're looking for the most optimistically named city, you'll have to visit Happy Adventure in Newfoundland.
Sydney, Nova Scotia may have the same name as its Australian counterpart, but it's much smaller. It's home to a little over 30,000 people but is more well known for its proximity to the scenic Cabot Trail.
The name Medicine Hat comes from the Blackfoot word that describes the feathers on the headdress of a medicine man that includes an eagle feather. The city has a population of around 65,000 people.
Charlottetown is one of the most scenic cities in Canada in the summertime. The beaches of Prince Edward Island are famous for their red sandy beaches. You may also know this island for "Anne of Green Gables."
Rimouski is a small city on the Saint Lawrence with a population of about 47,000. If you're driving from Eastern Canada to Montreal, you may drive through Rimouski. While there, you can stop in to watch the local junior hockey team, the Oceanic, play.
If you drive into Brandon, Manitoba, you'll be deep into farming country. The junior hockey team that plays out of Brandon is called the 'Wheat Kings' to put it in perspective.
Prince Albert touts the title as one of the most dangerous cities in Canada. In 2017, they had the third highest crime rate in Canada behind nearby North Battleford and Thompson, Manitoba.
Gatineau borders the nation's capital, Ottawa, even though they're in separate provinces. Gatineau arguably offers a better view because you can look across the Ottawa River at Parliament Hill.
Don't get Oshawa mixed up with Ottawa. Oshawa is a small city that offers young couples a more affordable housing option than nearby Toronto. Oshawa is also home to the Oshawa Generals, the junior hockey team with the most national titles.
St. John and St. John's are two separate cities, although they sound almost the same. St. John is one of the oldest cities in the country. It's also home to more than its fair share of haunted houses, so if you're in the area, stop by one of the city's ghost tours.
Thunder Bay is located in Northwestern Ontario. If you're guessing it's off the beaten trail, you'd be correct. Thunder Bay is the city where bug spray was invented. If you're in the Canadian backwoods, you'll need it!
Kamloops has the unique title as 'Tournament Capital of Canada' and hosts more tournaments than any other city in Canada. The original settlers are thought to have been 3,000 members of the native tribe Shuswap.
Timmins is a small city in Northeastern Ontario. The city was founded in 1912 after gold was discovered in the area. Along with mining for gold, the city's economy is largely based on the extraction of zinc, silver, nickel and copper.
Moosejaw is a small city in Saskatchewan with a population of roughly 35,000 people. Despite its small size, it has a lot of history. Underneath the city are tunnels used by Al Capone to bootleg liquor.
Truro is a small city in Nova Scotia about an hour away from Halifax. Its official population in 2016 was 12,261. If you make the drive from Halifax to Moncton, you'll pass through this small farming community.
Lloydminster is one of the few communities in Canada that spans a provincial border. The legal drinking age is 18 in Alberta and 19 in Saskatchewan, which makes Lloydminster a common stop for teenagers.