In just over 150 years, global oil production has made possible everything from manufacturing to transportation. See how much you know about where that oil comes from and how it's extracted with this quiz.
In 2015 worldwide oil production averaged a staggering 80 millions barrels per day.
OPEC countries produce a combined 24,377,000 barrels per day, while non-OPEC nations produce nearly twice that amount daily.
With an average daily output of more than 10 million barrels per day, Russia produces more oil than China and Mexico combined.
With production at 11 million barrels per day, the U.S. overtook Russia and Saudi Arabia to become the world's largest oil producer in 2014.
Shale is a type of rock from which oil can be extracted via fracking. Shale deposits in North Dakota and other states allowed the U.S. to ramp up oil production in 2013 and 2014.
Oil industry experts expect the U.S. to lead world oil production all the way through the 2030s, with production climbing to 13.1 million barrels per day by 2019.
With 8.7 million barrels produced each day, Africa produces about twice as much oil as Europe.
Brazil produced an average of 2.9 million barrels per day compared to 2.6 million in Venezuela. Ecuador averaged just half a million per day.
Kuwait is the most oil-dependent country on Earth, followed closely by Libya. The value of crude production as a share of gross domestic product is higher in these countries than any other nation.
More than a billion barrels of oil were burned in Kuwait and another million were dumped into the sea. This led to not only a serious economic loss but also a lingering environmental crisis.
Prudhoe Bay in Alaska is home to North America's largest oil field and ranks among the 20 largest oil fields ever discovered worldwide.
The Santos and Campos basins in Brazil are significant oil and natural gas sources.
The Alberta government estimates that the province's three primary oil-sand sites contain a staggering 173 billion barrels of recoverable oil.
An estimated 75 percent of all oil and natural gas deposits located in the U.S. were lost due to unsustainable production techniques.
OPEC was founded in 1960 with five original members.
OPEC consisted of just five nations when the group formed in 1960: Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela.
The Pennsylvania Rock Oil Company was founded in August 1859 when oil was discovered 69 feet (21 meters) below the ground in Pennsylvania.
Standard Oil, which dominated the oil industry during the 20th century, was founded by John and William Rockefeller, Henry Flagler and Stephen V. Harkness.
After a major oil boom in Texas in 1901, oil production in the U.S. continued at a frenzied pace for the next decade, resulting in U.S. oil production levels that equaled those of every country on Earth combined.
The U.S. was responsible for half of world oil production through 1950, but the rise of production in Europe, Russia and the Middle East helped to reduce the U.S. share of the world oil market since that time.
Kuwait's Burgan oil field, discovered in 1938, is one of the largest oil fields on the planet.
The Ghawar field, discovered in Saudi Arabia in 1948, is the world's largest oil field.
An estimated 60 percent of Saudi oil comes from the massive Ghawar field.
A 1973 OPEC embargo severely limited oil supplies, resulting in shortages and severe price increases.
Oil prices dropped more than 70 percent from 2014 to 2016 largely due to record production rates, particularly from the U.S. shale industry.
Economists estimate that peak oil — a period when world oil production levels will begin to permanently decline — will occur by 2040 as supplies dwindle and other energy sources become more economical compared to oil production costs.
At current production rates, North America has enough known oil reserves to last 34 years.
At current production rates, the world's known 1700.1 billion barrels of oil reserves will last 52 years.
OPEC members hold 71.6 percent of known oil reserves worldwide.
Despite becoming the world's largest oil producer in 2014, the U.S. still imports 7.5 million barrels per day as of 2015.