The internal combustion engine changed civilization in myriad ways. How much do you know about engine technology? Test your knowledge with this quiz.
It was created by John Stevens in 1798, who also built the country's first steam locomotive.
Cooling systems are vital to the health of the engine.
Panhard and Levassor and Peugeot of France were true trailblazers.
Carburetors did that job — fuel injection became much more common in the 1980s.
The Swiss inventor patented the turbocharger in 1905.
The ideal ratio is 14.7-to-1. You only need a bit of gas to get things going.
Combustion is also called the power stroke, which forces the piston back to the bottom of the cylinder. The spark plug's firing is what begins the combustion stroke.
Daimler created it in 1886 and started a transportation revolution.
A turbocharger forces more air into the combustion chamber, improving efficiency and power.
Frank Duryea and his brother Charles built their first vehicle in 1893.
The row of cylinders is a simple and effective design.
He used gunpowder. It was an explosive combination.
A connecting rod links the pistons to the crankshaft.
The four strokes are intake, compression, combustion and exhaust.
There were engines before the one he created, but his was the first that found real success.
The debut of Ford's assembly line in 1913 accelerated the assembly process and transformed the entire world of manufacturing.
It's a heavy plate that reduces engine vibrations.
You can imagine the frustration when the hand-crank process malfunctioned.
Honda invented VTEC, which stands for "variable valve timing and lift electronic control."
In addition to aluminum alloy, they are also often made from cast iron.
The engine produced about 390 horsepower and was featured in the 1970 Corvette.
Compression in the cylinders is a key component of contemporary engines.
The engine included the cylinders and crankcase in an engine block. It was the first time this concept was mass produced.
It connects the camshaft to the crankshaft. Many modern engines place the camshaft in the cylinder right next to the valves.
He got his first engine patent in 1879 and his first automobile patent in 1886.
It took about three hours. That's slower than average walking speed, making for a less-than-thrilling ride.
There are usually two to five valves per cylinder. Each cylinder needs as least one intake and exhaust valve.
Big Block engines were made starting in the 1950s, due in part to the bigger vehicles that Americans were demanding.
You'll sometimes see the acronym, which stands for "double overhead camshaft," included in a vehicle's specifications.
The engine control unit is usually a car's most powerful computer. It takes data from many sensors and alters the car's performance accordingly.