Gastrointestinal problems are not only reserved for adults . In fact, short periods of constipation are relatively common and normal in children. Take this quiz and learn about childhood constipation, gastrointestinal reflux disease and kidney stones.
Even if your child is having one bowel movement every other day, he or she still may meet criteria for constipation. Constipation involves three or fewer bowel movements per week.
A newborn's first bowl movements are thick and green colored. This form of stool is called meconium.
A formula-fed baby has harder stools and is more prone to constipation than a breast-fed baby. However, it is essential that a nursing mother gets enough fiber in her diet to prevent constipation in her nursing child.
Both lactose and iron can contribute to constipation in formula fed babies. It is essential, however, that your infant get iron-fortified formula.
Pay attention to your infant's stool consistency once you introduce solid foods into his or her diet. Their stools should remain soft and easy to pass.
Your child may have chronic constipation if constipation occurs longer than two weeks.
A child with chronic constipation has painful and hard-to-pass bowel movements. Therefore, a constipated child will likely try to avoid passing these painful bowel movements.
Your child's diet is essential for decreasing the incidence of constipation. Make sure your child drinks a lot of water each day. Your child's diet should also include recommended daily servings of fruits and vegetables.
Gastrointestinal reflux disease does not just occur in adulthood. Children develop this condition due to their immature digestive systems, but most children will grow out of this disease by their first birthday.
The symptoms of gastrointestinal reflux disease in children are not the same as in adults. Children with this disease typically experience vomiting, coughing and respiratory problems.
Kidney stones occur less often in children than in adults. Children that develop kidney stones may have a family history of kidney stone disease.
Calcium, xalate, cystine or uric acid are typically found in the urine of a child with kidney stones.
Childhood urine infection and kidney stone symptoms are very similar, such as frequent urination and pain during urination.
It's important that your child gets assessed for metabolic disorders if he or she has kidney stones. A metabolic disorder would place your child at risk for developing future kidney stones.
Above all else, you should increase your child's water intake if he or she has experienced kidney stones.
A diagnosis of kidney stones in a child can be made either with an X-ray, ultrasound or CT scan.
It's important for your doctor to determine the type of kidney stones, as this can help prevent future kidney stones in your child through specific diet changes.
Children with calcium kidney stones should eat more fruits and vegetables. They should also avoid dairy products and vitamin D supplements.
Children who have kidney stones and high urine oxalate levels in their urine should avoid a variety of foods, including strawberries, sweet potatoes, nuts, citrus juices, chocolate, cocoa, pepper, parsley, beets, spinach and dill.
Although children with kidney stones are at increased risk of developing future stones, this can be adequately prevented with diet.