Like a ride in the ambulance, this quiz is going to be a quick one. We are challenging you to not only pass this EMT certification exam, but blow away the competition by passing it in just seven minutes! Time will tell, but that patient in the back is counting on you!
Have you ever stopped and truly thought about how important of a job an EMT is? These Emergency Medical Technicians meet people when they are in possibly the worst conditions of their lives. They are in the middle of an emergency and call an ambulance for help, and these EMTs have to assess the situation and make judgment calls all the time.
That's why EMTs tend to have a lot more training than you think. Not only are they passing this exam, but they are also going through a 2-year associate's degree program. This includes passing rigorous coursework and clinical training. Health care is no joke, which is why they take the job of an EMT so seriously. So, can you pass this quiz? You'll be asked everything from respiratory rates for adults to clearing an airway for an infant. Can you handle the pressure?
With better technology in crew cabs, it can lead to distracted drivers. Technology can be good, but drivers need to be focused on the roads, too.
Breaths should be administered every 5 to 6 seconds for adults during manual ventilation. This would give you a total of 10 to 12 breaths per minute.
When the heart muscles can't pump blood throughout the body, it's called congestive heart failure. This lack of pumping interferes with the proper heart function.
When the lower airways narrow or are obstructed, wheezing happens. This causes that high-pitched, whistling sound, as the air is traveling through the narrowed space.
You need to make sure a scene is safe before caring for the patient. If you don't, it could lead to injuries for you or your partner and more patients to treat.
Asthma causes you to have an increase in mucus production and a constriction of the airways. These things often cause a person to cough, have shortness of breath and make those wheezing breath sounds.
NIMS gives us a framework for multiple agencies to work together. It does not aid in prevention, nor does it dictate responsibility.
Newborns breathe a lot faster than adults. A normal range for a newborn would be between 30 to 60 breaths per minute.
The cables must be consistently placed every time. This ensures quality ECG tracing results that will accurately show the heart's activity.
He told you he couldn't breathe, so he is breathing. Assess the respiratory system to begin with.
The CDC reports that injuries obtained from accidents are the leading cause of death among school-age children.
Since the patient is unstable, keeping a close eye on vital signs is important. Timely action would be needed if the patient declines in status.
EMTs need to make sure the right size of nasopharyngeal airway is selected. The airway may not be as effective if the wrong size is used.
You should never exceed the maximum dosage without doctor's orders. Higher doses of nitroglycerin could negatively impact cardiovascular conditions.
Timing is important for a critical patient. Many procedures needed would be done at the hospital, so less time on the scene is needed.
Children have a smaller jaw and their tongue is proportionally larger. This can make manual ventilation and intubation more difficult.
An MCI usually involves at least three patients. It's also an incident that could cause multiple casualties.
Anything over 6 LPM for a nasal cannula would dry the mucus membranes and be uncomfortable. If you need more than 6 LPM, switch to another device.
For pediatric cardiac emergencies, they are mainly related to respiratory events. The most accurate device for an infant would be the use of the manual defibrillator.
The patient is in anaphylactic shock, so the epinephrine should be administered. The airway could be comprised due to swelling, so airway support is needed, as well as giving the patient supplemental oxygen.
The ureter is the duct by which urine passes from the kidney to the bladder, which makes it part of the urinary system.
You should never force an airway in, and an oral airway wouldn't work for a patient with gag reflex. The wrong size airway would not be effective.
If the ambulance it upwind or uphill, this prevents heavier than air chemicals from reaching it.
A normal resting rate for an adult is between 12 and 20 breaths per minute. Anything above or below those rates would be considered abnormal.
Before using an ambulance, the EMTs need to perform a mechanical, safety and equipment inspection.
You should perform manual ventilation at a rate of 1 breath every 3 to 5 seconds for a child. This would give you a total of 12 to 20 breaths per minute.
Suctioning interferes with oxygenation, so it should not be done for more than 15 seconds at a time in an adult. It can be repeated if more material needs to be removed.
The signs for hyperglycemia are very similar. However, blood pressure is usually within normal range.
If the patient has a pulse then CPR is not needed. If the patient loses that pulse, that is when CPR would be initiated.
Injuries need to be assessed for severity. With triage, the goal is to do the greatest good for the most patients.
Ulcers and bleeding may be side effects of ASA, but it could still be administered. If there is a documented allergy to ASA, then it could not be administered.
Since the patient is unresponsive, you may need to start CPR. You would find this out by checking her pulse and breathing, which is why it would be done first.
A patient rides in the back of an ambulance, so the uncontrolled movements of the vehicle make it very unnerving. However, the ambulance needs to get to the hospital fast, so comfort takes a back seat!
The right lung has the upper, middle and lower lobe. The left lung has the upper and lower lobe, as room is needed for the heart.
ROSC means return of spontaneous circulation. This happens when a patient who had no pulse and was unresponsive regains circulation during BLS, CPR and/or AED use.