Can You Name These Basic Chemical Compounds?

By: Jacqueline Samaroo
Image: Getty Images

About This Quiz

Are you going to have a positive or negative reaction to this chemical quiz?

From our bodies to the food that we eat and the things in our surroundings, chemical compounds are quite literally a part of basically everything in the world around us. While at first glance the topic of chemical compounds may seem like a subject that is needlessly complex and difficult to grasp, there are actually countless basic chemical compounds that we interact with on a day to day basis. Some examples of these basic chemical compounds include; water, salt, alcohol, propane, sugar, and caffeine. There are dozens of these basic chemical compounds from which to choose. However, we've managed to gather a diverse selection of 40 of them for this quiz.

Even if you're not an actual chemist, medical professional, or a science major, most people have probably heard of many of these basic chemical compounds in their everyday life. So are you ready to prove that you've got what it takes to be a chemistry superstar? Then let's see if you're capable of having a chemical reaction with the correct answers from our basic chemical compounds quiz! Pull out your beakers, your test tubes, and your stirrers, and let's get started!

Water is a basic chemical substance that is important to human life, both biologically and economically. Water covers over 70 percent of the Earth’s surface.

Propane is a basic chemical compound that is one of several liquefied petroleum gases. It is used as a source of fuel for cooking, particularly in barbecues.

Sodium fluoride is a basic chemical compound that is denoted by the formula NaF. It is used as a cleaning agent and for dental health as well.

Ammonium bifluoride is a basic chemical compound that is produced from ammonia and hydrogen fluoride. It has been used as a rust stain remover, toilet bowl cleaner, and car body cleaner.

Sucrose is a basic chemical compound that is produced naturally in plants. It is extracted and refined from both sugar cane and sugar beet.

Carbon dioxide is a basic chemical compound that is produced through several means, such as through the respiration process of many organisms. It is notable for being one of the primary causes of global warming.

Fructose is a basic chemical compound that is notable for being the most water-soluble of all the sugars. It is primarily found in honey, many root vegetables, berries, as well as tree and vine fruits. Yes, it's the same formula as glucose.

Glucose is a basic chemical compound that is a simple sugar that is made during photosynthesis from water and carbon dioxide. Yes, it's the same formula as fructose.

Tartaric acid is a basic chemical compound that occurs naturally in various fruits, such as grapes, citrus, and bananas. It is most notable for developing naturally in the process of winemaking.

Calcium carbonate is a basic chemical compound that is the main component of the shells of marine organisms and snails, as well as pearls and eggs. It is also found in rocks like limestone.

Acetylsalicylic acid is a basic chemical compound that is known more commonly as aspirin. As a type of medication, it is used to treat pain, fever, and inflammation.

Boric acid is a basic chemical compound that is actually a weak, monobasic Lewis acid of boron. It is notable for being primarily used as an insecticide and as an antiseptic.

Cellulose is a basic chemical compound that is found in the cells of green plants. It is primarily used in the production of paper and textiles like cotton and linen.

Phosphoric acid is a basic chemical compound that is a weak non-toxic acid. It is primarily used as a rust remover and as a food additive.

Naphthalene is a basic chemical compound that is white crystalline solid. It is most commonly known as the main ingredient in mothballs.

Sodium carbonate is a basic chemical compound that is the water-soluble sodium salt of carbonic acid. It is primarily used in the production of soaps, paper, glass, and detergents.

Acetic acid is a basic chemical compound that is also sometimes referred to as ethanoic acid. Vinegar can contain anywhere between 4 percent to 18 percent acetic acid.

Potassium nitrate is a basic chemical compound that is an ionic salt sometimes also referred to as saltpeter. It is used in fertilizers, fireworks, and as a food preservative.

Magnesium hydroxide is a basic chemical compound that can be found in nature as the mineral brucite. It is commonly used as a primary ingredient in antacids and laxatives.

Hydrogen peroxide is a basic chemical compound that is a pale blue, clear liquid. It is used as a bleaching agent, oxidizer, as well as an antiseptic.

Glycerol is a basic chemical compound that is a colorless and odorless liquid. It is commonly used as a sweetener in the food industry and also in several pharmaceutical products.

Silicon dioxide is a basic chemical compound that is found in several living organisms and also as quartz. It is also notable for being one of the main components of sand.

Caffeine is a basic chemical compound that is a central nervous system stimulant which is used in numerous beverages and foods. It is notable for being the world's most widely consumed psychoactive drug,

Ammonia is a basic chemical compound of nitrogen and hydrogen. It has several uses, including in fertilizers and as a household cleaner.

Butane is a basic chemical compound that is actually a gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. It sees a lot of use worldwide as lighter fluid.

Lactic acid is a basic chemical compound that is also commonly referred to as milk acid. It is mainly found in sour milk products like yogurt and cottage cheese.

Nitrous oxide is a basic chemical compound that is a colorless non-flammable gas. It is used in dentistry, surgery, and other medical instances. However, it is probably most popularly known for its use in motor racing.

Carbonic acid is a basic chemical compound that is a weak acid that forms two kinds of salts, carbonates and bicarbonates. It also leads to the formation of stalactites and stalagmites.

Acetone is a basic chemical compound that is normally present in blood and urine. It is notably also used as a solvent for many plastics and some synthetic fibers.

Sodium hypochlorite is a basic chemical compound that is commonly used as a bleaching agent or disinfectant. When used in concentrated forms, it can actually be very hazardous to the skin and eyes.

Hydrochloric acid is a basic chemical compound that actually forms naturally in gastric acid. It is notable for having several uses, including as a food additive and in leather processing.

Camphor is a basic chemical compound that is notable for its flammable nature and strong aroma. Historically, it has had several culinary and medicinal uses.

Ethanol is a basic chemical compound that is a flammable and volatile colorless liquid. It is notable for being the primary type of alcohol found in alcoholic drinks.

Ammonium carbonate is a basic chemical compound that is a salt commonly referred to as baker’s ammonia. It is most notably used as smelling salts and as a leavening agent.

Sodium chloride is a basic chemical compound that is commonly referred to simply as salt, table salt, or common salt. It is used worldwide as both a food preservative and a condiment.

Calcium sulfate is a basic chemical compound that is commonly referred to as plaster of Paris. It also notably occurs naturally as gypsum.

Magnesium silicate is a basic chemical compound that is also known as the clay mineral, talc. It has several uses, including as a food additive and as baby powder.

Sulfuric acid is a basic chemical compound that is odorless and soluble in water. It is primarily used in the manufacturing of fertilizer, the refining of oil, and wastewater processing.

Methanol is a basic chemical compound that is notable for being the simplest alcohol. It is also notable for actually having a similar odor to drinking alcohol. However, it is far more toxic.

Ascorbic acid is a basic chemical compound that is also more commonly known as vitamin C. It is found primarily in citrus fruits and is used to prevent and treat scurvy.

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