Can You Name the Medical Specialty?

By: Becky Stigall
Image: Shutterstock

About This Quiz

Have you ever dreamed of becoming a doctor? What would you specialize in? Take this quiz to see how familiar you are with what doctors do in each type of specialty.

Which type of doctor specializes in disorders of the heart?

Cardiologists are focused on the circulatory system. Subspecialties of cardiology include pediatric cardiology and cardiothoracic surgery.

Which medical specialty deals with the treatment of cancer?

An oncologist focuses on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of cancer. The three branches of oncology are medical oncology, surgical oncology and radiation oncology.

What type of doctor manages the care of pregnant women?

An obstetrician focuses on pregnancy, childbirth and post-pregnancy care. Many obstetricians are also gynecologists.

What type of doctor specializes in medical imaging?

A radiologist might use X-rays, CAT scans and ultrasounds to help diagnose illnesses and diseases. The imaging is typically done by a technician, then a radiologist interprets, or reads, the images.

What type of medical specialist focuses on the female reproductive system?

A gynecologist is probably also an obstetrician. The word "gynaecology" means "the science of women."

What type of doctor would you see if you had a digestive issue?

Gastroenterologists focus on diseases and disorders of the digestive tract. Gastroenterologists typically receive about 15 years of education.

What medical specialty deals with hormones?

Endocrinology is a medical specialty that deals with the endocrine system. The endocrine system is comprised of the glands that secrete hormones.

If you had arthritis, what medical specialist would you see?

Rheumatologists deal with the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases and disorders. Rheumatic issues affect the joints and connective tissue of the body.

What type of physician studies and treats immune systems?

An immunologist focuses on how the immune system defends the body. Immunologists can earn up to $150,000 per year.

What type of doctor studies, diagnoses and treats disorders of the blood?

A hematologist might deal with blood issues like cancer and bleeding disorders. The word "hematology" is from two Greek words for "blood" and "study."

What type of doctor would you be if you treated lung disorders?

Pulmonologists focus on preventing, treating and diagnosing diseases of the respiratory tract. Pulmonologists might also be referred to as pneumologists or respirologists.

What medical specialty focuses on aging?

Doctors who practice geriatrics might be called geriatricians or geriatric physicians. The specialty might also be referred to as medical gerontology.

Who might manage your care after a kidney transplant?

A nephrologist focuses on the health of the kidneys. A nephrologist might also be called a renal physician.

What specialty deals with the diagnosis and treatment of infections?

Infectious disease practitioners may focus on hospital-acquired infections like staph and MRSA. They might also be involved in the treatment of AIDS and HIV.

What medical specialty services professional athletes?

Physicians who specialize in sports medicine are concerned with injuries that result from sports and exercise. This specialty might also be called sports and exercise medicine (SEM).

What medical specialty is involved in critical care?

Intensive care medicine practitioners focus on life-threatening care and invasive monitoring. Many intensive care patients are on some sort of life support.

What medical specialty focuses on the treatment of pain?

Although any of these specialties may manage pain in patients, pain management specialists are specially trained in the medical treatment of pain. This specialty may also be called algology.

What type of doctor might perform an operation on an infant?

A pediatric surgeon operates specifically on infants and young children. The specialty began because of the need for surgical treatment of birth defects.

What medical specialty uses radiologic methods to treat diseases?

Nuclear medicine practitioners use radiation to treat diseases. The idea of using radioactive substances to treat disease dates back to the 1920s.

What medical specialist would treat a very sick newborn?

Neonatology focuses on the care and treatment of sick and/or premature infants. Neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics.

What medical specialty is involved in the treatment of hereditary disorders?

Medical geneticists diagnose, treat and manage hereditary disorders. Medical genetics is different from human genetics, which is a different field.

What specialty focuses on the mental health of children?

Child and adolescent psychiatrists treat children and their families. These specialists focus on the biological, social and psychological reasons for mental health disorders in children.

What medical specialty deals with the way dangerous substances affect human health?

Toxicologists study, diagnose and treat the effects of toxic substances. The specialty dates back to Ancient Greece.

What medical specialist uses invasive procedures to diagnose and treat medical disorders and diseases?

The medical specialty of surgery dates back thousands of years. Surgery may be used to diagnose and/or treat a medical condition.

What type of doctor is a specialist in perioperative medicine?

Perioperative medicine is the practice of medicine before, during and after surgery. Anesthesiologists make sure that surgery patients do not feel the operation.

What medical specialist focuses on the care of children?

A pediatrician is specially trained to care for children. The word paediatrician means "healer of children."

What medical specialist might treat acne?

A dermatologist specializes in the care of skin, hair and nails. Dermatologists treat both medical and cosmetic problems.

What type of doctor treats mental disorders?

A psychiatrist is concerned with the study, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disorders. Treatment often consists of medication and psychotherapy.

What doctor performs LASIK eye surgery?

An ophthalmologist focuses on the treatment of eye disorders. Ophthalmologists use medical and surgical interventions.

What type of doctor focuses on the nervous system?

A neurologist focuses on disorders of the nervous system. Neurosurgery is the surgical subspecialty of this area.

What type of doctor performs artery catheter procedures?

Vascular surgery is a subspecialty of surgery. Vascular surgeons typically use less invasive procedures than surgeons.

What type of doctor might treat asthma?

An allergist is a doctor who is specially trained to diagnose, treat and manage allergic diseases. Allergists typically undergo at least nine years of education.

What type of doctor studies disease?

A pathologist is interested in the general study of disease. The word "pathology" is Greek for "the study of suffering."

What medical specialty focuses on adult medical care?

Internal medicine is also called general medicine. Doctors who practice internal medicine may be called internists.

What type of doctor operates on bones?

Orthopedic surgery is a subspecialty of surgery. Orthopedic surgeons treat disorders of the musculoskeletal system.

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