For thousands of years, Europe has been a focal point of world affairs, home to an ever-shifting sea of alliances, borders, and wars. Along the way, resilient and strategically-located cities managed to survive the chaos, bringing a bit of order to the region’s trade and politics. If we give you the name of a European nation’s largest city, can you name the country’s where it’s located?
There are dozens and dozens of countries in Europe, from the sprawling likes of Germany, to the United Kingdom and France. We bet that you can probably name the biggest cities in these three countries without much effort. But what about places like Croatia and Turkey?
Name the largest cities and their home countries isn’t just a matter of pure trivia. These cities are often vital to commerce and military alliances that dictate the daily lives of countless millions of people. Can you name the most populous city in Spain? How about Greece and Lithuania?
Take our European city quiz and find out if you really know the inside scoop this continent’s biggest (and most important) metro areas. Maybe you’ll shine like the City of Light … or perhaps you’ll be relegated to some backward burg that still thinks the Soviets are in power.
In the United Kingdom, no other city is as iconic as London, which is the country's most populous metro area and capital. By some estimates, more than 300 languages are spoken in this hub of multicuturalism.
More than 3 million people live in Madrid, Spain's largest city. The city is home to Real Madrid, one of the most popular soccer teams in the entire world.
In terms of European population, Berlin, Germany is second only to London. More than 3.7 million people live there, no longer separated by the infamous Berlin Wall of the Cold War era.
In Russian politics, no other city can match the might of Moscow. It is hands-down the most powerful city in the country, a headquarters for Vladimir Putin's sprawling empire.
Known as the "City of Light," Paris, France is an unmatched tourist destination, drawing millions of visitors from all over the planet each year. There, you can spy the Eiffel Tower, one of Europe's most impressive engineering feats.
Kiev was part of the Soviet Union in Communist days. Now, this high-tech center is a bustling area in Ukraine.
After WWII, Warsaw, Poland fell under the control of Stalin and his Soviet cronies, and the city's iconic Palace of Culture and Science was built as part of Stalin's egocentric plans. This Polish city is home to more than 3 million residents.
Athens, Greece is one of the oldest cities in the world, one with a history that goes back more than 3,000 years. Its many famous residents helped shape much of the Western world's philosophies and ideals.
For more than 28 centuries, Rome has acted as a linchpin of Western arts and politics. It is Italy's largest city and capital.
Packed with historical architecture, Prague is a cultural centerpiece of the Czech Republic. Many very old structures somehow managed to survive two World Wars, and now draw millions of visitors annually.
The Romans founded Zurich, Switzerland thousands of years ago. It's now a famous banking center where rich folks and criminals can keep their money safely out of hands of the taxman and the authorities.
Lisbon, Portugal has a lot of claims to fame, and antiquity is just one of them -- it is a very old city, older even than London and Rome.
If you don't like to eat sprouts, blame Brussels, the biggest city in Belgium. But don't despair. The city, and the country in general, are also renowned for their world-class beers.
Don't worry if you can't pronounce Reykjavik, only Iceland residents really know how to utter this mishmash of consonants. It's the biggest city in this frosty country, topping more than 120,000 people.
When it comes to Nordic cities, no metro area is as big as Stockholm, which is also the largest in all of Sweden. The city hosted the Summer Olympics way back in 1912.
Copenhagen, Denmark has its roots as a Viking fishing village that got its start in the 900s. Now, it's a booming metro area that also happens to be home to one of the nicest international airports in the world.
In Finland, Helsinki is the name of the political game, the place where movers and shakers build businesses and build alliances with other nearby major cities, such as Stockholm and Saint Petersburg.
More than one-third of Hungary's entire population lives in the tightly packed area of Budapest. The city is often regarded as one of the prettiest metros on the continent, thanks in large part to its epic architecture.
For centuries, Oslo, Norway has been a vital trading post in the region, in large part due to its maritime industry. Its shipping business keeps local workers hopping.
Nearly 2 million people live in the area of Sofia, Bulgaria, a city that's located in the middle of the Balkan peninsula. This is no backwater city, it has a booming information technology industry that draws talent from all over the continent.
On the island of Cyprus, you'll find a large city named Nicosia, which has a total population of more than 300,000. If you visit Nicosia, you must see Sarayönü Square, which is regarded as a historical and symbolic center.
For many centuries, Georgia's location has left its people in a tug-of-war between other powerful European countries. Its largest city is Tbilisi, a city bursting with more than 1.5 million residents.
Minsk is the capital and most populous city of Belarus. More than 2 million people live there, an area that was under Communist control until the shattering of the USSR in 1991.
In Serbia, you'll find Belgrade, the "White City," which is both the largest city and capital of the country. Belgrade is cursed by its geography, which makes it a very strategic stronghold -- it has been captured, occupied and destroyed dozens of times in its history.
Monaco is a tiny city-state in Western Europe, home to fewer than 40,000 people. It is famous as a destination for the very wealthy, and for people who want to see the Monaco Grand Prix, an epic Formula One race.
Compared to some of Europe's giant cities, Bratislava, Slovakia is pretty small, with a population numbering less than half a million. Bratislava's small size packs a mighty punch, as it is one of the wealthiest metro areas in Europe.
Near the Gulf of Finland, you'll find the Estonian city of Tallinn, the country's capital and largest city. Humans have been settling in the area for more than 5,000 years.
Riga is the biggest city in Latvia and also serves as the nation's capital. During WWII, the city was largely destroyed during massive bombing campaigns.
No other city is quite as important in the Republic of Albania. Tirana is the seat of all important matters in this tiny country. It's surrounded by mountains and very near the Adriatic Sea.
Podgorica is the center of urban activities in Montenegro and is home to roughly 200,000 residents. Like so many European cities, this one was was attacked time and again during WWII and many places bombed into oblivion.