It's important to understand the basics of metric conversion, but it's not as easy as you think! In this quiz, we'll test your smarts and have you thinking in meters in no time.
Metric units apply to length, weight and volume. These can be converted into U.S. customary units.
The U.S. uses both the metric system and the customary measurement system. Metric is often used in medical, scientific and technical fields.
The metric system is the most popular system used around the world. That's why it's so important to learn how to make conversions!
The metric system is based on 10s, unlike the customary system. For example, a liter is 10 times larger than a deciliter.
The metric system uses units such as meters, liters and grams. This is similar to how the customary system uses feet, quarts and ounces.
To measure distance, the metric system uses meters. These include kilometers, meters, decimeters, centimeters and millimeters.
With the metric system, volume is measured in liters. Mass is measured in grams.
As a starting point, a normal paperclip weighs about .5 to 1 gram. One gram is defined as the mass of water that would fill a 1-centimeter cube.
There is a distinction between mass and weight. Mass measures the amount of substance in an object, while weight measures the pull of the earth's gravity.
A liter is slightly larger than a quart. It's actually about 1.06 quarts.
The handle of a shovel is just about 1 meter in length. This is also just about equal to a yard.
1 centimeter is a little less than half an inch. 1.6 kilometers is just about the length of a mile.
1 kilogram is a bit more than 2 pounds. 28 grams is just about the same as 1 ounce.
4 liters is just a bit more than a gallon. 1 liter is just a little more than a quart.
Some metric terms have a prefix. For instance, kilo- is 1,000 times larger than the base amount.
Milli- is the smallest prefix. It's 1,000 times smaller than the base unit.
Kilo- is the largest prefix. It's 1,000 times larger than the base unit.
Deci- is 10 times smaller than the base unit. Deca- is 10 times larger than the base unit.
A decigram is .10 grams. That is because it's 10 times smaller than a gram.
A milligram is .001 grams. That is because it's 1,000 times smaller than a gram.
1 decagram = 10 grams. That's because a decagram is 10 times larger than a gram.
"cc" refers to cubic centimeter. The weight of one cc of water is one gram.
With one jump from one prefix to another, you have a movement in the decimal point. For instance, a decigram is .1 grams. A centigram is .01 grams.
So basically, this is a handy way of remembering the order of prefixes. King Henry Doesn't Usually Drink Chocolate Milk. "Usually" stands for the main unit, such as meter or gram.
This is the correct order of prefixes. With each step, you get 10 times more or ten times less than the previous prefix.
1 kilometer equals 10 hectometers. It also equals 100 decameters.
1 kilometer equals 1 million millimeters. It also equals 100,000 centimeters.
1 milliliter equals 0.1 centiliters. It also equals .01 deciliters.
1 milliliter equals .00001 hectoliters. It also equals .000001 kiloliters.
12.11 kilometers equals 1,211,000 centimeters. That's because you move the decimal point over 5 spaces.
450 mL equals .00450 hL. That's because you move the decimal point ahead by 5 spaces.
5,000 mg = 5 grams. Now you know how to take your dosage from the pharmacist!
7,226 centimeters equals 72.26 meters. You move the decimal point over two spaces.
1 hectometer equals 100 meters. Do you see how you move the decimal point back two spaces?
1 meter equals 1,000,000 micrometers. It's all about moving that decimal point!