American Revolution Battles Quiz

Nathan Chandler

Image: Shutterstock

About This Quiz

Rebellious colonists took up arms against one of the world's most powerful armies in this history-changing war. How much do you know about the battles of the American Revolution?

The Battle of Bunker Hill happened in which state?

The Battle of Bunker Hill occurred in Massachusetts, as the rebel colonists set siege to Boston. The British ran off the colonists, who ran out of ammunition, but not before the British suffered significant casualties. Also, most of the battle happened on nearby Breed's Hill ... not Bunker Hill.

Which battle was the first of the American Revolution?

The battles of Lexington and Concord were the first combat action of the war, and they both occurred on April 19 of 1775. The colonists lost weapons but pushed the British back to Boston.

In terms of the total number of soldiers who participated, what was the largest battle of the war?

At the Battle of Monmouth, the colonists mustered about 11,000 soldiers, and the British had about 15,000. Those men all fought in some of the hottest weather of the entire war.

Which side won the Battle of Monmouth?

The British were already withdrawing from the area, and the rebels failed to strike any real blow against their foes. The result of the battle was rather inconclusive, although the colonial commander lost his command and never again led men on a battlefield.

The Battle of Long Island is also known as what?

The Battle of Long Island is often called the Battle of Brooklyn. The colonists lost hundreds of soldiers but George Washington executed a successful retreat and later regrouped his men.

The Battle of Paoli is often known as what?

A group of British soldiers took a rebel division completely by surprise, and in some cases hacked and slashed the rebels to pieces in a turn of events that would be considered war crimes by today's standards. The event is often called the Paoli Massacre.

What was the last major battle that took place in the Carolinas?

At the Battle of Eutaw Springs, the British drove back Nathanael Greene's rebels but couldn't strike a decisive blow. Greene continued operations in the area, forcing the British to withdraw and give up their plans to control the South.

A contingent of Green Mountain Boys captured which fort?

The Green Mountain Boys, a group of militiamen from the New York and New Hampshire areas, were known for their bold incursions into British-controlled areas. They captured a small but symbolic victory at Fort Ticonderoga in May 1775.

At the Battle of Monmouth, dozens of troops on both sides died from which battlefield problem?

Fought in the late June heat in New Jersey, many men collapsed and died from heat stroke. The temperature that day was more than 100 degrees Fahrenheit.

How many troops did the British lose during the Second Battle of Savannah?

Including those killed, wounded or missing, the British lost about 150 men. The losing rebels, though, lost nearly 1,000. The British victory was celebrated as a possible turning point in the war.

At the Battle of Camden, the rebels outnumbered the British by about what number?

The rebels had nearly twice as many soldiers at the Battle of Camden … and they still lost. It was a major defeat for rebel General Horatio Gates, who never again had a battlefield command.

The Battle of Bennington found both sides fighting in what kind of weather?

Thunderstorms swept the field at the Battle of Bennington, causing both forces to pause. Wet weather adversely affected flintlock muskets of the day, making them difficult or impossible to fire.

Which side won the Battle of White Plains?

The British, aided by their far greater numbers, won the Battle of White Plains and drove George Washington's army farther and farther north.

A victory at the Battle of Cowpens helped the rebels retake which area from the British?

At the Battle of Cowpens, the rebels captured more than 700 British troops. The decisive victory helped the colonists begin the retaking of the South Carolina area.

On which day did the rebels launch the Battle of Trenton?

The rebels crossed the Delaware River on a frosty Christmas night and then, the following day, they attacked a Hessian garrison. The colonists killed 22 men and reignited the passions of the revolution.

How many men did the rebels lose during the Battle of Trenton?

The colonists lost just two men during the rousing victory. They didn't die from bullet wounds -- they died from exposure to the extreme cold.

The Battle of Princeton took place during which month?

At the Battle of Princeton, the rebels marched through the cold and ice of January to surprise British forces. The rebel victory added serious momentum to the revolution and inspired more men to join the Continental Army.

What action did the British take to begin the attack on Charleston in March 1780?

A large canal at the front of the rebels' fortifications made it difficult for the British to approach the city. So the British broke a dam, draining the water in preparation for an assault. The rebels surrendered before the attack began in earnest.

What percentage of British forces became casualties at the Battle of Guilford Court House?

By some estimates, nearly 30% of British forces were killed, wounded or captured. The British won the battle, but it was at a cost far too high for their meager gains.

Which future president was nearly killed at the Battle of Trenton?

James Monroe took a bullet that severed an artery. The wound nearly killed him, but a doctor was able to stem the bleeding. He was elected to office in 1817.

During the war, how many Battles of Saratoga were there?

There were two significant battles at Saratoga. At the first, the British won a meaningless victory. At the second, the colonists struck back with an overwhelming victory.

Which British leader was in command at the Battle of Germantown?

The rebels launched a surprise attack at Germantown, but the weather caused tactical errors. Gen. William Howe's troops inflicted twice the number of casualties that they incurred and drove the rebels off.

For the colonists, which battle saw the largest loss of manpower and equipment of the entire war?

At the Siege of Charleston, the British forced the rebels to surrender more than 4,500 men, along with many weapons and supplies. Many of the rebel troops languished in P.O.W. ships, where sickness spread, often causing death.

The French decided to aid the colonists after the rebels won which battle?

At the second Battle of Saratoga, the rebels forced the British to surrender thousands of soldiers. The French, realizing that the new Americans might have a chance to win the war, decided to join the eventual victors against the British.

For the rebels, how did the Battle of Oriskany end?

The rebels suffered some of their worst casualties of the war at Oriskany, but the British didn't maintain any real control in the area, making it a strategic victory for the battered colonist forces.

What percentage of the rebel forces became casualties at the Battle of Oriskany?

Fully half of the rebel forces were killed, wounded or captured. Rebel Gen. Nicholas Herkimer was wounded and later died as a result of his injuries.

George Washington was in command of the forces that fought at the Battle of Brandywine.

Washington was indeed in command as the rebels engaged a British force guided by Gen. William Howe. It was a day-long, bloody battle in which hundreds of men were killed on each side.

The rebel defeat at the Battle of Brandywine left which city open to British attack?

The British forced Washington's troops to retreat, leaving Philadelphia vulnerable. Just two weeks later, the city fell under a British occupation that would last for the better part of a year.

How many troops did George Washington gather for the Battle of Yorktown?

As the revolution went on, Washington's forces became larger and more powerful. At Yorktown, he commanded more than 20,000 men against 9,000 British troops.

How did the Battle of Yorktown end?

The British faced overwhelming odds at Yorktown, and they eventually gave up. Lord Charles Cornwallis surrendered his forces and the war came to an end.

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