The '70s revolutionized the automotive world as gas shortages and tightening emissions standards steered buyers toward smaller vehicles. Take our quiz to see if you remember which cars reigned supreme in the '70s!
Pontiac introduced its iconic Firebird in 1967 to take on the popular Ford Mustang. In 1970, the company redesigned the vehicle for a second generation release, which eliminated all but coupe models. This second generation was produced until another major redesign in the early '80s.
The so-called Mustang II was actually built on a Pinto body. Sold from 1973 to 1978, the car attracted buyers with its Mustang name, but was much smaller and more fuel efficient than the original.
The Buick Riviera was GM's first venture into the luxury car market. In 1971, the company introduced its third generation line, which had a throwback boat-tail back end. The 1974 fourth generation redesign saw a return to a more conventional Colonnade back end.
The AMC Gremlin was super compact, making it very fuel efficient at a time when gas lines were long and supplies were short. The vehicle featured a two-door design with a nearly-vertical hatchback. It also came with a surprisingly large number of options for its price.
Produced from 1972 to 1983, the Merak used a Bora body, but included a smaller engine. This allowed Maserati to add a narrow second row of seating, helping the car appeal to a wider audience.
First produced in 1959, two different generations of Challengers were available in the '70s. Early models offered convertible options, but by 1972, all Challengers were hard-tops. Late '70s models came with a large number of options to compete with the pony cars.
The Chevrolet Corvette is an iconic car for multiple generations of car drivers. In the '70s, the third generation of Corvettes was available. This generation was the first to feature removable T-top panels, and a 25th-anniversary edition released in 1978 featured a fastback glass rear window.
The uniquely-styled Plymouth Superbird was essentially a modified Road Runner, designed to go from 0 to 60 in 5 seconds. It's immediately identifiable thanks to its super-high rear wing.
Buick's GSX is a classic '70s muscle car. Built on a Skylark platform and designed to take on the Pontiac GTO, it was originally available only in white or yellow, with a jet black interior when it was released in 1970.
Produced from 1971 to 1987, the American-made Stutz Blackhawk was unrelated to the famous Blackhawk cars of the '20s. The very first Stutz Blackhawk buyer was none other than Elvis, who paid more than $26,000 for the iconic car in 1970.
Sold from 1972 to 1982, the Fiat X1/9 was a two-seater with a removable hardtop. Three generations of the vehicle were introduced in the U.S. in the '70s, with later generations designed to meet increasingly tight emissions standards.
The BMW 02 series was produced from 1966 to 1977 and was simply a shorter version of the New Class Sedan. The first model, the 1600-02, was the cheapest and smallest BMW on the market at the time, while later series models were more powerful and also more costly.
The Miura is arguably the most famous Lamborghini model of all time. Produced from 1966 to 1973, the vehicle is named for a famous fighting bull from Spain.
Building on the success of the Miura, Lamborghini released the Countach in 1974, and continued refining the model until the early '90s. It's best known for its wedge shape, clean lines, and sharp angles, and its name translates to an exclamation of surprise or admiration -- literally, "Wow!"
The Mazda Cosmos was introduced in 1967 as the space race was heating up, which helps explain its space-inspired name. The company produced the Cosmos Series II until 1975, then introduced the CD series, which offered greater luxury but was a relatively poor seller.
Plymouth's Barracuda was built on an E-body -- a shorter, wider version of the old B-platform. Produced from 1970 to 1974, the third generation limited designs to coupes and convertibles.
Datsun entered the U.S. market in 1958, but its most recognized '70s car is likely the Datsun 510. Part of the company's Bluebird line, the 510 was available until 1973 in two or four-door models, including both sedans and wagons.
The Chevrolet Chevelle ranks among the most popular mid-size cars of the '70s. Produced from 1968 to 1972, the Chevelle got a major overhaul starting in 1973, as the company worked to comply with increased safety standards in the U.S.
Produced from 1973 to 1984, the Ferrari Boxer Berlinetta was created to take on Lamborghini's Miura and Countach. The company launched the 365G74 in 1971, and introduced the B512, which was named for its 5 litre/12 cylinder engine, in 1976.
Ford produced the mid-sized Granada two-door coupe and five-door wagon from 1975 to 1982. The vehicle replaced the Ford Maverick, but shared the same chassis as the earlier vehicle.
Like the DeLorean, the Bricklin had gull wing doors, but its designer was all about safety. In fact, the SV in the model name stood for "Safety Vehicle." Unfortunately, less than 3,000 units of the car sold before it was pulled in 1975.
Introduced in 1977, the British-made Aston Martin V8 Vantage was tough to come by in the U.S. due to emissions restrictions. A decade later, the car shot to fame when it was featured in the 1987 007 film, "The Living Daylights."
Designed by Lamborghini and built by BMW, the M1 was a two-door car with a sleek race style. Because the company produced less than 500 units, the M1 is considered rare and hard to come by today.
Sold at Lincoln dealerships, the De Tomaso Panera was the most popular car ever produced by De Tomaso. Introduced in 1971, it's name means "Panther" in Italian.
The Lincoln Continental was a luxury coupe sold between 1977 and 1979. A super luxe Diamond Jubilee edition was produced for the company's 75th anniversary in 1978.
The Mercury Cougar was the rare car to be brought back after a long hiatus. It was sold from 1967 to 1997, then again from 1999 to 2002. In 1971, Mercury brought out a second generation model which weighed less than the original and had a bigger, more stylish grille.
Porsche has produced its famous 911 from 1963 to modern times. The 911 RS came out in 1973 and was recognized as lighter and more powerful than previous models. After 1974, all 911's switched from metal to aluminum bumpers.
Mercury produced the Capri from 1970 to 1994. The first generation run included the Capri II hatchback in 1974, while generation II was similar to the Ford Mustang.
The stylish three-door hatchback coupe French Citroen SM was produced between 1970 and 1975. Just 2,400 were sold in North America out of the 12,000 produced, making it a relatively rare vintage for modern car collectors.
Fans of rally racing surely know the Lancia Startos, an Italian car that ruled race tracks in the '60s and beyond. The company also sold a small number of street legal Stratos to the U.S. market, including the 1976 Stradale with its wedge shape and 196 horses.
From 1970 to 1981, Pontiac offered a special Trans Am package on its standard Firebird. The Trans Am was featured in the movie "Smokey and the Bandit" in 1977, and was the official pace car at the Indy 500 in 1980.
Back before the days of SUV's, the Ford Bronco was known as a multi-purpose vehicle, or MVP. Introduced in 1966 and produced throughout the '70s, the Bronco was designed to compete with other sporty vehicles.
The Lotus Esprit was almost named the Kiwi, but Esprit was chosen to keep with the company's tradition of starting all model names with the letter "E." Introduced in 1976 and featuring a sleek wedge design, the vehicle had a throttled engine in the U.S. to comply with emissions standards.
Officially known as the Volkswagen Type 1, the Beetle was first sold way back in 1938. In 1971, VW introduced two different Beetle models for the first time. The new version was much larger than the original, and was sold as the Super Beetle in the U.S.
Introduced in 1975, the Bobcat was Mercury's first sub-compact. It featured a Pinto body, but offered a much fancier grille and upgraded trim. The Bobcat was discontinued in 1981 and replaced by the Lynx.
The AMC Pacer was a two-door sub-compact produced from 1975 to 1979. It was known for its full-width yet compact body. The American-made car started as a budget option, but got more luxe with every upgrade.
Released in 1975, the Cordoba was the smallest Chrysler to that point. The company wanted the Cordoba to compete with Buick and Oldsmobile, and made the Cordoba even smaller as part of a 2nd generation redesign at the beginning of the '80s.
Ford sold its three-door Fiesta hatchback in the U.S. between 1978 and 1980. The vehicle was dropped for the Ford Esprit the next year.
More than 10,000 Mini Cooper units were shipped to the U.S. throughout the '60s, though the car became more difficult to import as the U.S. tightened safety standards throughout the late '60s and '70s.
Jeep was the first company to use the term sport-utility vehicle in print during its 1974 ad campaign for the Cherokee SJ. The sporty two-door vehicle was based on the Jeep Wagoneer of the '60s, and was in production through the early '80s.
Chrysler first produced the Imperial way back in 1926, but spun the name off into a separate luxury line from 1955 to 1975 to take on Lincoln and Cadillac. The fourth-generation Imperial featured an airplane-like body, known as the fuselage, while later models were boxier and more conventional.
Cadillac introduced the seventh generation of its Eldorado at the start of the '70s. The new design was longer and wider than earlier versions, with fender skirts, and later, a convertible roof. The Eldorado served as the pace car at the 1973 Indy 500.
Sold in the UK as the Morris Marina, it was rebranded for U.S. buyers as the Austin Marina because Morris was a lesser known name in the States. The car was remodeled throughout the '70s in response to increased U.S. safety standards as the decade progressed.
Released in 1975, the Seville was on the smaller end for Cadillac, but was still one of the company's most expensive sedans at the time.
The Chevy Vega was an American-made sub-compact introduced at the start of the '70s. By 1977, it had been discontinued after having problems with everything from rust to reliability.
After its successful Type 1, better known as the Beetle, VW released its Type 2 -- an iconic little bus. The second generation of the bus was sold from 1967 to 1979, and was much larger and heavier than the original.
From 1962 to 1969, the Nova was known as the Chevy II. In 1969, the name was changed to Nova, and the vehicle was produced over the next decade. A longer wheelbase introduced in the early '70s resulted in the sub-compact Nova measuring almost as big as an average mid-side vehicle.
It's hard to find a more iconic '70s car than the Camaro. Chevy sold generation two models from 1970 to 1981, which were larger and wider than the original, but kept the standard F-body platform.
Introduced in 1971, the Ford Pinto became Ford's first sub-compact in North America -- perfect choice for a time when gas prices were beginning to rise as supplies dwindled. By 1978, the company issued a recall for more than a million Pintos due to safety concerns related to the fuel system.